Jabłonowski Roman Jan

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The story of Roman Jan Jabłonowski

Socialist and communist activist and Doctor of Philosophy. From May to July 1944, he served as Chairman of the Council to Aid Jews "Żegota".

Read the history of the Council to Aid Jews "Żegota"

He was the son of Dionizy and Wiktoria (nee Popkowski). He graduated from high school in Łomża. He then studied in the Mathemetics and Physics Department of the Jagiellonian University from where, in 1912, he obtained his doctorate. Two years later, he graduated in insurance studies in Vienna.

In 1905, he became a member of the Polish Socialist Party (PPS) but, a year later, he moved to the PPS - Leftist (Kraków section), in which he began his real political career. In 1910, he took part in that party's National Conference in Warsaw. Two years later, he attended the party's Second Convention in Opava. In 1913, he joined the board of the Oddział Zagraniczny and, in 1915, he found himself in Charków where he organised the  Zjednoczenie Socjalistyczne Polskie ZSP (Polish Socialist Unity) and joined the Council of Worker and Soldier Delegates. He was a supporter of the Bolsheviks. From December 1917, he headed the Wydział Ogólny Komisariatu Polskiego. In Charków, he was elected by PPS-Leftist to the Central Workers Committee of that party in Ukraine.

He arrived in Warsaw in the middle of 1918 and took part in the founding convention of the Polish Community Party (KPP). From 1920, he was active in that party's Warsaw Committee. He participated in the party's second convention in 1922, in Warsaw and in the third convention in Gdańsk in 1922. At that latter event, he was elected as a member of the Central Committee and as Director of its Agriculture Department (due to his involvement in matters relating to agricultural produce – organising a strike of agricultural workers in 1919 and editing the peasant publication "Pług" (The Plough).

In 1924, he was arrested and, a year later, was sentenced to three years imprisonment for communist activities. Following his release, he took part in the 6th Comintern Congress in Moscow (August 1928), Between 1928 and 1930, he worked with the organ of the Zjednoczenia Lewicy Chłopskiej (Uniting Peasant Left), "Samopomoc"  ("Self-Help"). In the years 1931-1933, he was a member of the Central Committee of the Union of Insurance Employees and an employee of the  "Przezorność" Insurance Society. He criticised the KPP Party leadership, for which the Comintern expelled him from the Party.

During Worl War II, he became associated with the Union of Polish Syndicalists and with the PPS - Freedom, Equality, Independence. Following the arrest of Julian Grobelny, Chairman of the Council to Aid Jews "Żegota", in May 1944 he was nominated by the PPS-WRN as the person to replace him in that position. He served in that position until the outbreak of the Warsaw Uprising.

After the War, he was not active in political life as the Communist elite did not trust him. However, he occupied a high position in the field of insurance (Secretary General of the Banking and Insurance Trade Union) and worked as a clerk for the Central Union of Co-operative Labour. In 1956, he was rehabilitated by the Central Committee of the Polish Communist Party and was taken back into party circles.

He was buried in the Powązki Military Cemetery in Warsaw.

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