Story of Rescue - Biskupska Serafina | Polscy Sprawiedliwi

Biskupska Serafina and Rybowicz Kazimiera

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Story of Rescue - Biskupska Serafina

In February 1941 the Germans liquidated the ghetto in Grójec and deported its inhabitants to Warsaw. Among them was a Jewish girl named Chana Goldberg, a resident of Grójec. Soon after her arrival in Warsaw, Chana managed to escape from the ghetto and made it to her sister living in Biała Rawska (Warsaw district).

In October 1942, during the deportation of Jewish population from Biała Rawska to Treblinka extermination camp, Chana again escaped from the transport and reached Wilków, a village located near Grójec. In one of the cabins she found her sister, hiding there with her little daughter. As the householder didn’t agree to hide Chana too, she had to ask for help Serafina Biskupska, the innkeeper of an inn located in Wilków and the aunt of Chana's friend from before World War II - Kazimiera Rybowicz. Biskupska decided to hide the runaway. Also Kazimiera, who was of the same age as Chana, get involved in helping the Jewish fugitive. At that time they both were 16 years old. Kazimiera gave Chana her own baptism certificate and from now on, Chana used the name of Rybowicz.

When Serafina Biskupska’s house ceased to be a safe hiding place, Chana hid at a widow’s home near Wilków. Serafina and Kazimiera provided her with food. However, when the widow finally guessed that she was hiding a Jew, she ordered her to leave the house. Chana had no choice but to return to Warsaw. She went there with Serafina Biskupska, who tried to find for her friend a new hiding place in the city. However, the girl decided to volunteer for labor in Germany as a Polish citizen. Since then, she worked there in a munition factory.

Until the every end of the war she corresponded with Serafina Biskupska and her niece. One day Chana sent to Kazimiera a letter, which she mistakenly signed with the name of Kazmiera Rybowicz as both a sender and an addressee. This made a postman suspicious, but due to his long-term friendship with the family of Serafina Biskupska, he didn’t denounce them. When World War II finished, Chana emigrated to Israel. In 1985, she visited Serafina and Kazimiera, thanking them for their help.

Bibliography

  • Archiwum Żydowskiego Instytutu Historycznego, 349, 691
  • Gutman Israel red. nacz., Księga Sprawiedliwych wśród Narodów Świata, Ratujący Żydów podczas Holocaustu, Kraków 2009