Szklarski Julian

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Story of Rescue - Szklarski Julian

In 1942, Julian Szklarski brought Alicja Feder and her daughter Paulina out of the ghetto. He took them from their hometown of Borysław, to Krosno. The farmer who agreed to hide the two would often invite his friends in. However, one of them turned out to be a blackmailer, so Szklarski took the woman and her daughter to Biecz. This time, he moved in with them. They stayed there for over a year. In 1944, a friend in the Home Army warned him that Germans were planning a search, suspecting “Maria Trzeciak” of being Jewish. The day before the soldiers were supposed to come, the three escaped to Warsaw.

The city meant greater anonymity and a better chance of hiding. Still, even in the capital, Julian, Alicja, and Paulina, blackmailed with threats of denunciation or simply forced out due to suspicion, had no choice but to move several times. Alicja had ‘Aryan’ documents, but Paulina had “wrong looks”.

Separated, the three survived the Warsaw Uprising and saw the end of the war.

Alicja Feder’s husband was hiding in the woods around Borysław, along with the Ringler family, acquaintances of the Szklarskis. However, when he came out to collect his belongings from the ghetto, he stumbled into a round-up. He was shot during an escape attempt. The Ringlers, a family of eight secured in a well-hidden hideout, were supplied with food by Szklarski’s family.

During the pogrom on the Borysław Jews, carried out by the local population at the Germans’ inducement, the Szklarskis hid the fugitives in their barn.

In 1954, Alicja Feder and her daughter left for Israel. In 1968, Julian Szklarski, a member of the PZPR at the time, was accused by the party of being Jewish himself and stripped of his directorial office.

Paulina Feder-Rosta is living in Canada. She maintains contacts with Julian Szklarski. 

Bibliography

  • Brzostek Agnieszka, Interview with Julian Szklarski, 9.06.2009
  • Gutman Israel red. nacz., Księga Sprawiedliwych wśród Narodów Świata, Ratujący Żydów podczas Holocaustu, Kraków 2009