Swidnik-Wargula Zofia

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Story of Rescue - Swidnik-Wargula Zofia

Mrs. Świdnik-Wargula recounts how, during the occupation, she carried food for the Jews who were used as forced labour, compelled to dig ditches at the demarcation line between the territories occupied by the Reich and by the Soviet Union.

She was carrying bread, cakes, potatoes and milk for them. The Jews were working for about two weeks there, or a bit longer, and then they disappeared. Mrs. Zofia Świdnik recounts how her mother was surprised that there were hardly any potatoes in their field, and that was because Zofia had dug some of them for the Jews.

As far as the motifs of Zofia’s action is concerned, she says that when one shares the food and things with another, they both have them, while if one doesn’t want to help, soon won’t he have anything himself. She says she was helping of the spurt of her heart, even if her mother tried to persuade her not to go there, because she feared something might happen to Zofia.

Mrs. Świdnik-Wargula also mentions her neighbor Bronka whom she offered a hideaway. Bronka used to be her neighbor, before the war. The girl refused this because many people visited Zofia’s house as her father was a village leader. She hid in another place in the same village and managed to escape when the Germans came there after somebody denounced the Jews. The Nazis took one of the hidden Jews, a woman, while the rest fled.

Later, Bronka married the man who had hid her, yet he died soon. Bronka had faked Polish documents and that also helped her survive the occupation.

The relation was recorded in the framework of the project "Lights In The Darkness - The Righteous Among The Nations", courtesy of the "Ośrodek Brama Grodzka - Teatr NN" in Lublin

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Bibliography

  • Dąbrowska Anna red., Światła w ciemności. Sprawiedliwi wśród Narodów Świata. Relacje, Lublin 2008
  • Kawa Magdalena, Interview with Zofia Świdnik-Wargula, 11.10.2007