Swiatopelk Olga

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Story of Rescue - Swiatopelk Olga

Olga Światopełk- Zawadzka was born in the Ponikwa estate, near Brody in Eastern Galicia. At 18 she took up studying history in Lwów. When she married, she received the Czuszów estate near Kraków as her dowry. That was where she was hiding her university colleague, Fela Kohn. Fela was Jewish. Like Olga, she had belonged to a female students’ union in Lwów. Against her parents’ will, she went on to christen herself. Making use of her contacts, Olga managed to supply her with a Polish certificate in the name Maria Zajączkowska. Fela was living in constant fear.

“She was afraid someone would sell her out. Only much later did I learn that everyone in the estate knew she was Jewish. When I was told about it after the war– I was horrified” - Olga recalls.

One day Fela asked her for help in finding a place for her mother in the Lwów ghetto. At the time Jews, encouraged by the Germans, harbored the conviction that it was safer within the ghetto than outside; and that those moving there voluntarily have a greater chance of surviving. Olga went to Lwów. A place in the ghetto was priced at 7000 zlotys, while Olga only had 1000 on her. She was then directed to a Jewish physician, doctor Drucker, working in the ghetto. In exchange for providing a spot in the ghetto, he asked for his seven-year-old daughter Nina to be kept safe. Apparently he had a feeling of what was going to happen. Olga took Nina in and thus saved her life. After the war the girl left for Israel.

Bibliography

  • Gutman Israel red. nacz., Księga Sprawiedliwych wśród Narodów Świata, Ratujący Żydów podczas Holocaustu, Kraków 2009
  • Archiwum Żydowskiego Instytutu Historycznego, 349, 2370
    Tadeusz Wolpert's statement from 14.01.1988.