The Ryniewicz Family

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Story of Rescue - The Ryniewicz Family

Before the World War Two Bronisława and Stefan Ryniewicz lived in Siennica, a village located near Mińsk Mazowiecki. They ran a grocer’s shop there. They had five children.

Their house was burnt at the very beginning of the war. The whole family moved to a farm building at the border of Świder and Otwock, in Słowackiego Street, at number 15 of the present Kołłątaja Street. Their new place consisted of a room with a kitchen, and the third, unfinished room was used as a pigsty.

On August 19, 1942 the Nazis began the dissolution of the ghetto in Otwock. Pinkus Messing and Rachela Klejzman managed to escape. In October Pinkus came to the Ryniewicz family living nearby asking for shelter for him and Rachela. He knew the family as they smuggled meat to the Warsaw ghetto together.

Bronisława and Stefan agreed to hide the runaways. The couple spent 22 months in a special bunker dug by Ryniewicz. His oldest daughter, Danuta describes the hideout as follows: „There was no entrance to the cellar, just a hole of about a 30 cm diameter, through which we passed food and took away excrements". Pinkus and Rachela practically did not go out of that hiding place in the ground, they remained there until liberation.

They both survived the war and emigrated from Poland to the USA. 

Other Stories of Rescue in the Area

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Bibliography

  • Archiwum Żydowskiego Instytutu Historycznego, 349, 1362
    Account made by Danuta Korzanecka, Maria Jankowska and Helena Gos in 12.01.1989
  • Brzostek Agnieszka, Interview with Danuta Korzanecka , 22.04.2009
  • Gutman Israel red. nacz., Księga Sprawiedliwych wśród Narodów Świata, Ratujący Żydów podczas Holocaustu, Kraków 2009