The Patyra Family

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Story of Rescue - The Patyra Family

Józef Mazur recounts that many Jews hid in his parents’ house, amongst these were: the Goldbergs (Gitwa, Aidwa, Sara, Berek and Mosiek), the Rubins from Nasutów, and several other people associated with the guerrillas.

The Mazur family and the Goldbergs were neighbors before the war.
In 1942, the Jews and the Mazur family prepared a dug-out under the cowshed. They spent most of their time there, occasionally leaving the hideout in daytime.

Time and again, Germans searched the houses looking for hidden meat and grain. The most dangerous encounter took place in February 1944. Fortunately, the soldiers did not find the Jews and everyone survived.

However, in the same village, a Pole who offered to help some Jews, took money and killed them. When the war finished, he emigrated from Poland.

After the war, the correspondence between the Mazurs and the Goldbergs who emigrated to Israel was animated. Józef has especially fond memories of Mrs. Gitwa Goldberg who stayed in touch for the longest, and who was the person responsible for honouring the Mazur family with the medal “The Righteous Among the Nations.”

The relation was recorded in the framework of the project "Lights In The Darkness - The Righteous Among The Nations", courtesy of the "Ośrodek Brama Grodzka - Teatr NN" in Lublin


  • Dąbrowska Anna red., Światła w ciemności. Sprawiedliwi wśród Narodów Świata. Relacje
  • Kawa Magdalena, Interview with Zofia Patyra-Szemro, 14.12.2007