The Mioduszewski Family

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Story of Rescue - The Mioduszewski Family

Stanisław Mioduszewski lived in a small village called Łojew near Łochowo in Węgrów County. Before World War II, he was acquainted with many local Jews. His was close friends especially with Pinchas Posesorski from Ostrówek, with whom he traded in grain. In September 1942, at the time when Jews were being deported to Treblinka extermination camp, Mioduszewski was visited by Pinchas, who came asking for help together with his wife Sara and 3 children (the daughter named Golda and 2 sons), whose ages ranged from 16 to 20 years old.

Stanisław wrote in his account: "He asked me to provide shelter for his family, and his words wrung my heart. I told them not to worry. I would do everything to help them.” The Jews hid first in the barn, and later in the stable. Only Stanisław’s mother was aware of their presence. However, Mioduszewski’s brother-in-law, who lived in the same house, could pose a real danger to the fugitives. Such concerns were not groundless. One day the Jews informed Mioduszewski that his brother-in-law "harassed" them. This is how Stanisław remembers these days: “I was really disappointed by my brother-in-law. He settled down. The Jews began to complain about him. So I took him aside and said: If you feel bad, then leave. If not, sit still. What do you want? He had nowhere to go."

One night Mioduszewski rescued a Jewish woman, the wife of his neighbor, who was fleeing from Germans - he hid her until the danger passed. 

Mioduszewski’s nosy neighbors constituted another problem. Because of their inquisitiveness, the Jewish family had to separate. Pinchas with his wife and daughter moved to the village of Zatoporze, where they intended to hide at their acquaintances’. Nevertheless, they were murdered there at the hands of local Poles. Their sons stayed with the Mioduszewskis for a few months, after which, for safety reasons, they moved to other households.

The Jews who stayed with Mioduszewski contacted other fugitives hiding in nearby villages and forests.

As he recalls, Mioduszewski provided food for the Jews hiding in local woods, including the runaways from the extermination camp in Treblinka. After the war, the sons of Pinchas Posesorski returned to their home in Ostrówek. For some time they engaged in trading, but soon they left Poland. In 1985, the younger of the boys, Icchak (Irving), who lived in Canada, came for a visit to Łojew. It is thanks to his efforts (his brother had died earlier) that in 1995 Mioduszewski was awarded the title of Righteous Among the Nations. His mother passed away in 1960.

Bibliography

  • Archiwum Żydowskiego Instytutu Historycznego, 349, 2194
  • Strączek Ignacy, Interview with Stanisław Mioduszewski, 14.06.2010
  • Gutman Israel red. nacz., Księga Sprawiedliwych wśród Narodów Świata, Ratujący Żydów podczas Holocaustu, Kraków 2009