Mazur Michal and Szelewa-Kurasiewicz Helena

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Story of Rescue - Mazur Michal and Szelewa-Kurasiewicz Helena

Before the outbreak of World War II, Michał Mazur lived in the village of Rudki, in the Przeworsk county. His neighbours were two brothers, Leisur and Ruben Braten.

The Jews from this village were transported to the ghetto in Sieniawa, created in 1942. Probably in August 1942, the Braten brothers fled during the transportation of Jews from Sieniawa to the place of their execution in Wólka Pekińska. Leisur and Ruben returned to their home village and asked Michał Mazur for help. He decided to hide them. After the liberation, Leizor Braten registered in the Jewish Committee in Krakow.

In 1983, in a letter to the Jewish Historical Institute in Warsaw, Michał Mazur wrote: "At the time of the persecutions and extermination of Jews, Leisur Braten and his brother Ruben Braten came to me and I hid them until the liberation."
During the day, the brothers stayed in an attic of a barn in the Forestry in Rudka, where Mazur worked as coachman and farm worker. In the evening, they came to Mazur’s kitchen where they could prepare food. Mazur could not cope with providing food, so he told Helena Kurasiewicz, who also served in the Forestry, about the situation. "The conditions varied when we were in hiding," the survivors wrote in a statement in 1984.

"We gained food for them in various ways, often taking it away from our own mouths." He also provided the brothers with soap, newspapers and clothing.

In 1986 Yad Vashem decided to award Michał Mazur and Helena Szelewa-Kurasiewicz with the title Righteous Among the Nations.


  • Archiwum Żydowskiego Instytutu Historycznego, 349, 375