Marciniak-Blazik Janina

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Story of Rescue - Marciniak-Blazik Janina

During the time of the occupation in Stolnikowizna, the family of Janina Marciniakhid her Jewish neighbours: Regina and Mendel Bubel, with their son, Szulim.

”It was very bad during the occupation. There was poverty. We had to give everything over to the Germans. The poverty was so bad that we even cooked the red rowanberries because there wasn’t anything else to eat.

The village of  Stolnikowizna was not big. In this village, only my family hid Jews. There were thirty houses. They were scattered amongst the fields and the forests. We lived near a forest. We knew the Jews who came to us because they did not live far away - inAntoniówka. They came to us in the evening asking us to take them in. That was in 1943, in autumn. The woman, who was called Regina Bubel, came with her husband Mendel and son Szulim.

We had a single-storey, timber house. We hid them in the basement. A hiding place was created there with wooden boards, on top of which were scattered potatoes so that it would not be noticed … They often came to the house because, after all, people need light. They sat on the oven. When it was already warm, they stayed in the attic and, in spring, in the barn. They also had a sewing machine there.

We needed to feed them. I was fifteen years old. My mother was in the hospital and I had to do everything myself. I ran the household because there were other things to do. I had to learn how to do everything. We ate the same as they ate. There was not much milk because we had to give it to the Germans. They didn’t pay for it. And so we ate rowanberries and, later, cherries, apples… God forbid that they should pay anything.

One could never speak about hiding Jews. Someone might hear and inform....The Germans came three times anyway. Someone must have seen something. When we noticed that they were coming, we would run away with the Jews. The Germans would search the house, looking everywhere, upturning everything and in the basement, too. We noticed the second time they drove up. And the third time, as they rode up on horses, they came from a different direction. In this upheaval, a soldier turned up and he ran off somewhere. Not far from our house, the Germans shot him. They didn’t find the Jews.

Before the War, Regina and Mendel had two houses, but we only had one house and did not have appropriate conditions … They came in autumn and before the harvest time of 1944, they left. The War had now ended. They went to Macieje and there they rented a flat, lived and celebrated their holidays. My father stayed with them more than once, and on holidays too.

She later left for Israel, she took her other son who had hidden himself in Rożków. After their departure for Israel, Regina’s family did not make contact or visit Stolnikowizna even once. Sometimes, my father would say: ‘We risked our lives., the Germans were there, the beat the children and us and, today, to not even say thank you  .....’. I didn’t want anything just for someone to say ‘thank you’”.

The interview with Janina Marciniak-Błazik edited by M. Grudzińska and A. Marczuk is published here courtesy of the State Museum in Majdanek.

Bibliography

  • Madała K., Interview with Janina Marciniak, 12.07.2000