The Kuchta Family

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Story of Rescue - The Kuchta Family

In the village of Łukowiec Żurowski, lying 60 kms from Drohobycz (before World War II belonging to Poland, but now part of the Ukraine), the Kuchta family had a farm - Jan, Józefa and their six children. Their contact with the Jews of the area was most often in trade. The Jews preferred to live in the towns rather than in the villages and, here, their largest centre was in Żurawno where they even had their own representative on the town council – Dawid Liberman.

Dawid became friendly with Adam Sobieraj, the brother-in-law of Józef Kuchta. In 1943, Adam asked the  Kuchta’s to hide his four-member family and his friend, Maks.

Hiding, despite the convenient location of the farm, on the outskirts of the village by the forest, was full of danger. Hiding places were prepared, and new ones were created outside the farm, so that those hidden had somewhere to wait during especially threatening situations.

In July 1944, the Soviets entered the village and, for the Liberman’s, it was the end of hiding. For the Kuchta family, however, it was the end of their life in Łukowiec. In 1945, deportation awaited them as, after the Yalta Conference, the family village ceased to belong to Poland.

All those who were saved left for overseas and, for a long time, the Kuchta family had no contact with them. It was only in 1990 that Dawid’s son, Zwi, took up the cause of recognizing the family as Righteous Among the Nations.

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Bibliography

  • Archiwum Zydowskiego Instytutu Historycznego, 349, 2406
  • Burdzy-Wardach Jadwiga, Ocalone cztery światy, „Konkrety”, nr 4
    A story about the Kuchta family from Lublin awarded medal of the Righteous.
  • Czyżewska Anna, Interview with Władysława Buczak and Jan Kuchta, 9.03.2009
  • Gutman Israel red. nacz., Księga Sprawiedliwych wśród Narodów Świata, Ratujący Żydów podczas Holocaustu, Kraków 2009