The Kalucki Family

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Story of Rescue - The Kalucki Family

Before World War II, Maria and Władysław Kałucki and their daughter Maria lived in Cracow. At the beginning of September 1939 the Germans arrested Władysław Kałucki. His life ended in the Buchenwald concentration camp.

A year later, Maria married Tomasz Kot, who was engaged in the Polish resistance movement. Because of the nature of his activity, many Poles hidden by the Home Army as well as Jews passed through the family’s apartment.

In the fall of 1940, Maria Kałucka was visited by her friend Karolina Narowska. Karolina asked the hostess to hide her Jewish friend Sabina Gutfreund with her little daughter Anna.

Maria agreed: both Jews stayed at the Kałuckis’ for three years. However, the neighborhood where they lived was not a safe place. In the nearby hotel the German headquarters were located, the German locators lived on the second floor of the tenement house and in the outhouse opposite the porch resided a “blue policeman” of General Government.

Sabina did not leave the house. She would only steal a glance at the world through the window and she could leave her room when there was no persona non grata nearby. However, she could eat together with the rest of the family.

Sabina spent her time knitting, embroidering and sewing. “I remember – recollects Maria Kot-Kałucka – that one day Aneczka (…) accidentally put her finger into the sewing machine when her mother was sewing clothes. Aunt Lucia dressed the wound – she devoted much of her time to the girl – she would go with her to the porch or sit with Aneczka at the window, telling the girl fairy-tales.”

One day the neighbor, „the blue policeman”, discovered that a Jewish child was hiding in the Kałuckis’ apartment. Although he was successfully bribed, the hiding place was not secure anymore. For this reason Sabina decided to find another shelter in Warsaw, where her relatives were hiding on the “Aryan side” of the city [i.e. outside the Warsaw ghetto]. Tadeusz Kot managed to procure for her and her daughter fake documents and organized transport.

Sabina and her daughter survived the war. Even though they departed for the United States, they maintained close contact with the Kałucki family.


  • Archiwum Żydowskiego Instytutu Historycznego, 349, 2311
  • Gutman Israel red. nacz., Księga Sprawiedliwych wśród Narodów Świata, Ratujący Żydów podczas Holocaustu, Kraków 2009