Jadwiga Wolska

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Story of Rescue - Jadwiga Wolska

During the War, Jadwiga Wolska lived in Nowy Sącz and worked in the Central Welfare Council (Rada Główna Opiekuńcza). She helped Teresa Huppert and her son, Jerzy (Uri) to survive the occupation.

Teresa Huppert came from a wealthy Lwów family. Her father, Wilhelm, supervised the financial affairs of Galicia within the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Teresa married Ignac, born in Wadowice near Kraków. He was a lawyer and a member Józef Piłsudski’s legion. He was also a member of the Zionist movement. She settled with her husband in Bielsko-Biała. The couple were an assimilated family using Polish as their everyday language. Their only child, a son Uri (Jerzy), came into the world in 1932.

Following the outbreak of the War, the Huppert family moved to Lwów, to Teresa’s mother. When, in the autumn of 1941, the Germans forced the Jews to live within a defined district of the city, they were forced to move inside its borders. Jerzy then started to sneak out into the “Aryan side” and smuggle in food for his hungry family.

In the winter of 1942, all three escaped from the ghetto and went into hiding. Shortly afterwards, Ignacy decided to return to Kraków in order to retrieve an expensive fur which he had left with a tailor named Aksak. Unfortunately, the tailor turned out to be a collaborator and handed Ignacy over to the Gestapo. While under arrest, he still managed to warn his wife of the danger which she was also faced. The woman fled the city with her child and changed her surname to Halecka.

They stayed in the town of Stryi (now in western Ukraine). Here, Teresa, who spoke German fluently, found employment as a secretary in the Gestapo headquarters. Half a year later, a friend (Stefania Mordańska) warned her that the Germans had worked out that she was Jewish and gave her the address of her sister who lived near Nowy Sącz, probably in Rytro. Soon, Teresa took up secretarial work at a German power station in nearby Rożnow, while Jerzy began his studies in the fifth grade. A chance meeting with a Pole, Marian Gołębiowski, helped the Huppert family.

One day, Teresa came across members of the Home Army (Armia Krajowa), who forced her to give them the keys to the German clothing warehouse. As a result of that, the woman was placed under arrest. Jerzy, looking for his mother, by chance ended up at the offices of the Central Welfare Office. Working for the Council, Jadwiga Wolska found shelter for the boy in an orphanage and endeavoured to have his mother released. Moreover, she employed Teresa Huppert in her office. 

After the War, Teresa and Jerzy settled in Wrocław, where she ran an antiques shop. Jerzy graduated from junior high school. In 1950, they emigrated to Israel. Jerzy became a lawyer and a writer. He married and has two children. Teresa Huppert died in 1997.