Frybes Stanisław

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Story of Rescue - Frybes Stanisław

At the beginning of World War II, Stanisław Frybes was 16 years old and lived in Warsaw.He came from Stanisławowo. His parents were already dead, while the rest of his family lived on the territory under the Soviet occupation.Stanisław earned a living by giving private lessons and received underground education. For short periods of time he lodged with various friends, most often he stayed with his father's friend Wilhelmina Skroczyńska, later recognized as Righteous Among the Nations. Her apartment became the hub of underground activity, where the help for fugitives from the ghetto was organized. Stanisław also got involved in the aid program.

In the autumn of 1940, he helped two women to leave the closed ghetto and transported them to Skorczyńska's apartment. The survivors were an employee of Social Insurance Institution named Pauszeri and her mother. The rescuers found for them an appropriate place of living situated on the “Aryan side” of the city. Stanisław took active part in the help organized for other Jews hiding from their persecutors. He did it either by delivering food supplies, documents or correspondence, or by finding new places of living for the Jewish survivors.

In March 1943 new fugitives moved to Skroczyńska’s apartment located at 25 Mickiewicza St.: the married couple of Bella and Maksymilian Wyszewiański together with their adult sons, Leon and Samuel. Apart from them, also other Jewish survivors found shelter at this address. Soon, the hiding place became too crowded. For this reason Stanisław Frybes, who lived in the apartment at 27 Mickiewicza St., persuaded Julia Baranowska, the owner of the flat, to accept under her roof one of the fugitives, Leon Wyszewiański.

When it comes to Samuel, he moved to Choszczówka to live with the family of the Sikorskis. The apartment belonging to Baranowska was the place where underground education was organized. At the night of January 19, 1943, the place was denounced to the police. German military policemen arrested the following fugitives: Leon, a Jewish woman called Stanisława Trytes and some boys staying in the apartment, including Frybes himself. Both Jews were murdered, while the Polish prisoners were put behind bars and released after a month when the ransom was paid.  

According to the account given by Stanisław Frybes, among all the people who were helped at that time the following persons survived the war:Bella, Maksymilian and Samuel Wyszewiański (who used at that time the “Aryan” name of Zadrożny), a child from the ghetto called Janek Kaczyński (in Israel Szlomo Gezit), Eugenia Watt (under the "Aryan" name of Chwattowa), the members of the Szereszewski family and the relatives of the Wyszewiańskis.When the war ended, Frybes continued to maintain close contacts with the family of the Wyszewiańskis.

Other Stories of Rescue in the Area

Bibliography

  • Archiwum Żydowskiego Instytutu Historycznego, 349, 2100