The Dynowski Family

enlarge map
Photos: 1

Story of Rescue - The Dynowski Family

In the 1930s, Franciszka Dynowska started working as a housemaid in the house of the Jewish Risenblum family in Tarnów. In 1936, the Rosenblums moved to Kraków and took Franciszka with them. She lived with the Jewish family until August 1939.

After the outbreak of WWII, the Rosenblum family left Kraków and moved to the East. Mrs Rosenblum's husband moved to the USSR, but she did not go with him and came back to Tarnów with two of their children. At the time, Franciszka Dynowska lived with her mother in the town of Krzyż. She did not have much money, and made a living out of selling food and delivering it to, among others, Jewish families.

In June 1942, Mrs Rosenblum and her children, as well as their relatives, the Postrąg family, started to live in the newly established ghetto in Tarnów. Dynowska often delivered food for them.

In June 1943, Regina Postrąg asked Franciszka to help her and her daughter (she was 36 and her daughter was 8). Two months later, Franciszka brought her the so-called Aryan documents prepared on the basis of falsified baptism certificates issued by a priest from a parish in Tarnów. With the help from Franciszka's son, Władysław, the family was brought out of the ghetto mere days before its liquidation.

Władysław Dynowski said: “Me and my mum came to the gate of the ghetto to meet the Postrąg family. The husband said goodbye to his wife and his daughter (it was a heartbreaking scene). I took the daughter, Róża, to Krzyż, while mum took Mrs Postrąg to her brother's house.” Mr Postrąg was caught and shot in the village of Żukowice Stare (located ca. 16km away from Tarnów) when he tried to join a local partisan unit.

Regina Postrąg ended up living in the house of Franciszka's brother in Pleśnia near Tarnów. After the war, Władysław Dynowski said: “Mrs Postrąg was severely depressed because she was aware that she put almost the entire family in such a great danger.” Róża Postrąg lived in the town of Krzyż, in the house of Leon and Ludwika Dynowski. According to the cover-up story, she was Aleksandra, one of the daughters of Franciszka's brother from Pleśna. She lived there until the end of the war.

Regina did not live in Pleśnia for long. The neighbours soon found out that she was Jewish. Despite having documents certifying her “Aryan” descent, Franciszka's brother had no choice but to ask her to move out. Regina moved to Bochnia, where she lived for about two months. Franciszka Dynowska often came to visit and help her. Next, the woman went to Warsaw. There, she lived on the so-called “Aryan” side of the town. She was often blackmailed by szmalcowniks (people who lived off blackmailing Jews) and survived only because she could afford paying them. After some time, she registered for working in Germany. She worked as a gardener in Potsdam until the end of the war.

Regina Postrąg did not stay in Poland – she moved to the USA. Her daughter lived with the Dynowski family for three more years and then she left for France, Israel, and, eventually, for the USA, where she met her mother.

Bibliography

  • Gutman Israel red. nacz., Księga Sprawiedliwych wśród Narodów Świata, Ratujący Żydów podczas Holocaustu, Kraków 2009
  • Archiwum Żydowskiego Instytutu Historycznego, Dział odznaczeń Yad Vashem. Dokumentacja sprawy Władysława Dynowskiego, 349/24/606