The Czerewaniow Family

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Story of Rescue - The Czerewaniow Family

Katarzyna and Jan Czerewaniów lived in Dubno, in the Wołyn district, at 4 Panieńska Street. When, in 1941, the town was in the hands of the Nazis, almost immediately they began murdering the Jewish population of the small town and, in April 1942, they established a ghetto. In operations lasting from May to October of that year, they finally exterminated the remaining Jews.

A short time prior to the liquidation of the ghetto, friends of the Czerewaniów's, Wiktor and Fania Goldsztein, brought to them their six month old little daughter, Halina, asking that they save her.. Katarzyna and Jan, who were childless, took the little girl and adopted her. However, someone informed on Katarzyna and, at the end of that year, the Ukrainian police arrested her on a charge of sheltering a Jewish child. The woman defended herself claiming that she had taken in her husband's extra-marital daughter whose mother had abandoned her.

In 1943, the Czerewaniów's, with the child, reached Przemyśł and stayed there until the end of the War. Later, they moved to Wrocław. Halina remained with them – Katarzyna and Jan treated her as their own child. 

Bibliography

  • Dubno - historia
  • Gutman Israel red. nacz., Księga Sprawiedliwych wśród Narodów Świata, Ratujący Żydów podczas Holocaustu
  • Grynberg Michał, Księga Sprawiedliwych

    The lexicon includes the stories of Poles honoured with the title of Righteous Among the Nations in the years 1963-1989. The list of entries is preceded by a preface by Icchak Arad and Chaim CheferThe Righteous of the World.