Chmielewski Bazyli

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Story of Rescue - Chmielewski Bazyli

The Righteous

Bazyli Chmielewski was born in 1913 in Rawa Ruska (present-day Ukraine).
Bazyli spent the Second World War in Tomaszów Lubelski. During the war, the relations between Ukrainian and Poles were particularly difficult. The Ukrainians, in retaliation for the pacification of the Stanisławów and Lviv districts by the Polish Army in the past, committed brutal murders of Poles and Polish-Ukrainian families. Bazyli relates that since the death camp in Bełżec was situated a few kilometers from Tomaszów Lubelski, sometimes the stench of burning bodies could be smelt in the city.

Jews who were Rescued

Mr. Chmielewski with two Jews: Fred and Dawid Post, worked at a steelworks in Tomaszów Lubelski. At their mother’s request, Mr. Chmielewski took their sister Klara to Skarżysko-Kamienna where he sheltered her, as his own sister Jarosława Chmielewska at his anti-Semitic friend’s home. The girl worked in an ammunition factory and associated with the Polish underground organization. Only after her departure from Poland after the war, did the man who had helped her, find out she was a Jewish woman.

From December 1942 to July 1944, Mr. Chmielewski was also helping a few people in Rawa Ruska. They were: Herman, Regina and Rachela Graff, Dawid and Abish Post, Abraham Klak, Łazar and Saba Diller, Mendel Hoch and Mojżesz Lewin’s wife. Mr. Chmielewski organized a hiding place for them at the Ferdynand Czerwień family’s home. In 1944, shortly before the advance of the Red Army to Tomaszów Lubelski, Ferdynand Czerwień with his family fled, leaving the hidden people to their own fate but they were rescued by Bazyli. They all survived the war. 

The relation was recorded in the framework of the project "Lights In The Darkness - The Righteous Among The Nations", courtesy of the "Ośrodek Brama Grodzka - Teatr NN" in Lublin

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Bibliography

  • Dąbrowska Anna red., Światła w ciemności. Sprawiedliwi wśród Narodów Świata. Relacje, Lublin 2008
  • Baum Marzena, Interview with Bazyli Chmielewski, 1.01.2003