Story of rescue

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The story of Marian Krycia

During World War II, Marian Krycia lived in Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski. After the Germans created there the ghetto in April 1941, he helped his neighbours, Szlomo and Bronisława Rubinsztajn, to get out, finding them a safe hiding place and providing them with necessary supplies and false papers.

In January 1942, he first got the Rubinsztajn's uncle, Chanin Szerman, out of the ghetto and hid him in an apartment in Włochy near Warsaw. When Szerman began being harassed by the apartment's owners who threatened him with denunciation, Marian Krycia went quickly to Warsaw in order to intimidate the blackmailers.

In March 1943, he got Rubinsztajn's wife, Bronisława, out of the ghetto and transported her to Częstochowa. There, using false papers, she was registered for work in Germany. He later found a safe hiding place in the forest for Szlomo Rubinsztajn who, in April 1943, had escaped from the Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski ghetto which, at that time, operated as a forced labour camp.

On 19th December 1943, for helping Jews, he was arrested by the gestapo and deported to Auschwitz, where he was given number 169647 and was assigned to a locksmith commando. On 23rd July 1944, he successfully managed to flee from the camp, together with fellow commando workers Roman Symotiuk (No.122997) and Jan Zieliński (No.76962).

After the war, he completed his higher education and graduated from the Department of Agricultural Mechanics of the Wrocław Polytechnic. He later worked as the chief engineer of the Provincial State Mechanical Centre – WZR Wrocław and the Agricultural Technicians Group in Wrocław. He later worked at the State Mechanical Centre in Środa Śląska and at the State Agricultural Farm in Oborniki Śląskie.

On 25th March 1979, at the request of Szlomo and Bronisława Rubinsztajn, as well as Chanin Szerman, Marian Krycia was honoured with the title of Righteous Among the Nations. He probably never got to know about having been granted this award – he passed away on 26th October 1979 in Wrocław. His Yad Vashem medal and certificate were picked up by his family during the ceremony at the White Stork Synagogue in Wrocław, 8 November 2018.

Bibliography

  • Grynberg Michał, Księga Sprawiedliwych, Warszawa 1993

    The lexicon includes the stories of Poles honoured with the title of Righteous Among the Nations in the years 1963-1989. The list of entries is preceded by a preface by Icchak Arad and Chaim CheferThe Righteous of the World.

  • Brandt-Golecka Barbara, Broczek Tomasz, Langner-Matuszczyk Hanna, Aby pamięć przetrwała. Pracownicy i studenci Politechniki Wrocławskiej, którzy przeszli przez niemieckie obozy koncentracyjne i zagłady 1939-1945, w przygotowaniu do druku