The Dlutowski Family

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Story of Rescue - the Dłutowski Family

Stefania Dłutowska and her daughter Maria lived in Warsaw, in Powiśle. During the occupation, when the Germans took over their apartment, the women moved to the town of Radość near Warsaw and lived in a small house in the forest.
 
In January 1943, the Dłutowski women hid Bluma Goldman - a friend of a friend - and her teenage grandson, escapees from the Warsaw ghetto. They remained in Radość until the end of the War.
 
From an account, written by Maria Dłutowska for the Jewish Historical Institute, it is known that the boy's father visited them several time. When he died, his brother, Julian (or Leon) Leinkram, contacted the women and helped to keep them hidden.
 
Leinkram, and his friend, Marta Lenecka (or Lencka),who had escaped from the Lwów ghetto, were hiding in Warsaw in a studio apartment on ul. Złota. However, their hiding place was discovered. Warned in time, they avoided being arrest and came to Radość seeking help.
 
Stefania agreed to let them stay. Julian dug a hiding place under the house and the two escapees remained there for most of the time, coming out only at night.
 
Two others from this family also received help from Mrs Dłutowska. They were children. For little Stefania, shelter was found in the Felician Sisters Care Centre. She placed Michał Flohr with her relatives.
 
Searches, blackmail and even the need to pay bribes did not discourage both women from caring for those in hiding.
 
All those hidden survived the occupation. After the War, they left Poland.

Bibliography

  • Archiwum Żydowskiego Instytutu Historycznego, 349, 99
  • Gutman Israel red. nacz., Księga Sprawiedliwych wśród Narodów Świata, Ratujący Żydów podczas Holocaustu
  • Grynberg Michał, Księga Sprawiedliwych

    The lexicon includes the stories of Poles honoured with the title of Righteous Among the Nations in the years 1963-1989. The list of entries is preceded by a preface by Icchak Arad and Chaim CheferThe Righteous of the World.