In 1940, the Germans began establishing ghettos – sealed-off districts for the Jewish population – in occupied Poland. In 1942, they began a process of their liquidation and the mass deportation of Jews to death camps. The only way to survive was to go into hiding. Jews were looking for a shelter on the "Aryan side".
Jews helping other Jews on the “Aryan side”
Read stories of Jews helping other Jews in occupied Poland, as well as the historical study by Prof. Barbara Engelking, in which the phenomenon of Jewish self-help on the “Aryan side” is discussed in a problematic manner.
Sytuacja Żydów w okupowanej Polsce
In compliance with the policy of Nazi Germany, Jews in occupied Poland were subjected to increasingly severe repressions, which gradually led to their total extermination.
Strategie przetrwania Żydów po „aryjskiej stronie”
Some Jews did not surrender to the decree to move into the ghetto. There were also some who, having being imprisoned in the ghetto, took the risk of escaping to the so-called “Aryan side”. They had to change their identity.
Zagłada Żydów na Kresach Wschodnich
Before World War II, the eastern provinces of the Second Polish Republic were inhabited by nearly 13 million people, 8% of whom were Jews. In 1939, these lands, called Kresy Wschodnie (Eastern Borderlands), were seized first by the Soviet Union and later occupied by Germany after the invasion of the Third Reich on the USSR in 1941.